In Situ Fringe Projection Profilometry for Laser Powder Bed Fusion Process
1 online resource (158 pages) : PDF
University of North Carolina at Charlotte
Additive manufacturing (AM) offers an industrial solution to produce parts with complex geometries and internal structures that conventional manufacturing techniques cannot produce. However, current metal additive process, particularly the laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) process, suffers from poor surface finish and various material defects which hinder its wide applications. One way to solve this problem is by adding in situ metrology sensor onto the machine chamber. Matured manufacturing processes are tightly monitored and controlled, and instrumentation advances are needed to realize this same advantage for metal additive process. This encourages us to develop an in situ fringe projection system for the LPBF process. The development of such a system and the measurement capability are demonstrated in this dissertation. We show that this system can measure various powder bed signatures including powder layer variations, the average height drop between fused metal and unfused powder, and the height variations on the fused surfaces. The ability to measure textured surface is also evaluated through the instrument transfer function (ITF). We analyze the mathematical model of the proposed fringe projection system, and prove the linearity of the system through simulations. A practical ITF measurement technique using a stepped surface is also demonstrated. The measurement results are compared with theoretical predictions generated through the ITF simulations.
3D METROLOGYADDITIVE MANUFACTURINGFRINGE PROJECTIONINSTRUMENT TRANSFER FUNCTIONPOWDER BED FUSIONSPATIAL RESOLUTION
Optical Science & Engineering
Farahi, FaramarzZiegert, JohnEvans, ChristopherMullany, Brigid
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of North Carolina at Charlotte, 2017.
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