THE ADVANCED CONTROL OF TRIBOELECTRICALLY CHARGED FUEL USING ELECTRIC FIELDS UNDER HIGH PRESSURE
1 online resource (138 pages) : PDF
University of North Carolina at Charlotte
This research provides preliminary results of electrospraying in elevated surrounding pressures of 40, 50 and 60 psi. Investigations were correspondingly detailed regarding the process of designing and acquiring a manufactured custom pressure chamber for experimental analysis. SolidWorks was used to model and simulate multiple design iterations based on Finite Element Analysis (FEA) and manufacturability cost. The pressure vessel has an internal diameter of 5.50" with a length of 22.5", a top lid capable of detaching from the body with five ¼" NPT treaded holes and a 1" NPT plug with a 0.52" thru hole counter sunk 0.600" at a depth of 0.58". The working pressure of this chamber is 3 MPa (435 psi) at a temperature of 300ºF (149ºC). The fuel system transporting 87 octane ascertained results of 0.034, 0.035 and 0.038 for the average mass per injection of the corresponding pressures at 40, 50 and 60 psi respectively. The R-squared values were 0.992, 0.9943 and 0.9961 with 40 psi as the bottommost value and 60 psi at the utmost value. The average net charge density values per injection were 1.265, 1.286 and 1.368 along with the standard deviations of 0.019, 0.004 and 0.004 for the consequent pressures of 40, 50 and 60 psi were calculated respectively. From this data, the experiments conducted at 60 psi ascertained both the maximum prevailing accumulation of mass as well as the greatest net electric charge density. The COMSOL Multiphysics simulations produced a particle diameter distribution of values with a large concentration between 9.5 and 11 μm. Whereas, the Rayleigh limit distribution for the charge on a droplet values were commonly between 1.2 and 1.6 × 10-13 C. A contraction on the particle trajectories were observed when all three pressures were compared without an electric field and with the presence of a 10kV electric field. The tightening of the particle trajectories were intensified when the electric field was amplified to 20kV. However, there appears to be no substantial change between the pressure of 40, 50 and 60 psi when compared to simulations executed at atmospheric pressure.
DIELECTRIC FLUIDELECTROSPRAYINGFEAFUEL INJECTIONPRESSURE VESSELTRIBOELECTRIC
Applied Energy & Electromechanical System
Williams, WesleyUddin, Mesbah
Thesis (M.S.)--University of North Carolina at Charlotte, 2017.
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