Spectrum-based and Collaborative Network Topology Analysis and Visualization
1 online resource (160 pages) : PDF
University of North Carolina at Charlotte
Networks are of significant importance in many application domains, such as World WideWeb and social networks, which often embed rich topological information. Since network topology captures the organization of network nodes and links, studying networktopology is very important to network analysis. In this dissertation, we study networks by analyzing their topology structure to explore community structure, the relationship among network members and links as well as their importance to the belonged communities. We provide new network visualization methods by studyingnetwork topology through two aspects: spectrum-based and collaborative visualization techniques.For the spectrum-based network visualization, we use eigenvalues and eigenvectors to express network topological features instead of using network datasets directly. We provide a visual analytics approach to analyze unsigned networks based on recent achievements on spectrum-based analysis techniques which utilize the features of node distribution and coordinates in the high dimensional spectral space. To assist the interactive exploration of network topologies, we have designed network visualizationand interactive analysis methods allowing users to explore the global topology structure.Further, to address the question of real-life applications involving of both positive and negative relationships, we present a spectral analysis framework to study both signed and unsigned networks. Our framework concentrates on two problems of networkanalysis - what are the important spectral patterns and how to use them to study signed networks. Based on the framework, we present visual analysis methods, which guide the selection of k-dimensional spectral space and interactive exploration of network topology.With the increasing complexity and volume of dynamic networks, it is important to adopt strategies of joint decision-making through developing collaborative visualization approaches. Thus, we design and develop a collaborative detection mechanism with matrix visualization for complex intrusion detection applications. We establish a set of collaboration guidelines for team coordination with distributed visualization tools. We apply them to generate a prototype system with interactions that facilitates collaborative visual analysis. In order to evaluate the collaborative detection mechanism, a formal user study is presented. The user study monitored participants to collaborate under co-located and distributed collaboration environments to tackle the problems of intrusion detection. We have observed participants' behaviors and collected their performances from the aspects of coordination and communication. Based on the results, we conclude several coordination strategies and summarize the values of communication for collaborative visualization.Our visualization methods have been demonstrated to be efficient topology exploration with both synthetic and real-life datasets in spectrum-based and collaborative exploration. We believe that our methods can provide useful information for future design and development of network topology visualization system.
Lu, AidongWu, XintaoYang, JingWartell, ZacharySun, Yanqing
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of North Carolina at Charlotte, 2013.
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